Pope Francis has appealed for peace and reconciliation in conflict zones around the world, in a wide-ranging traditional Christmas Day message.
The pontiff said he prayed for the success of recent UN resolutions for peace in Syria and Libya.
The Pope also spoke of "brutal acts of terrorism" in France, Lebanon, Egypt, Tunisia and Mali, which he condemned.
Pope Francis has warned the world's 1.2 billion Roman Catholics not to be "intoxicated" by possessions in his annual Christmas sermon.
He called for more sobriety in a world obsessed by "consumerism and hedonism, wealth and extravagance".