Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has accused UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon of "encouraging terror".
Referring to the Palestinians, Mr Ban said it was human nature for oppressed peoples to react to occupation.
Speaking at the UN Security Council, Mr Ban also condemned recent stabbings of Israelis by Palestinians.
More than 155 Palestinians, 28 Israelis, an American and an Eritrean have died in violence since October.
"The comments of the UN secretary general encourage terror," Mr Netanyahu said in a statement. "There is no justification for terror."