Child sex offenders could be executed or chemically castrated in Indonesia under a crackdown following the brutal gang rape and murder of a 14-year-old girl.
Indonesia, especially Bali, is a blackspot for Australian paedophiles - in 2014 it eclipsed Thailand, the Philippines and Malaysia to become the number one destination for Australian child sex tourists.
Indonesian President Joko Widodo this week announced a regulation - effective immediately - that would allow judges to sentence child rapists to death or order that they be chemically castrated.
He said additional punishment could include publicly announcing the sex offender's identity and requiring those on parole to wear an electronic monitoring device.
Australian man Robert Andrew Fiddes Ellis is currently awaiting trial in Bali for allegedly sexually abusing at least 15 girls aged between seven and 17.
But Bali prosecutors say Ellis would not be affected because the new regulation could not be applied retrospectively.
The 69-year-old man, who is suspected of being part of an international paedophile ring, allegedly groomed street kids by showering them with love and gifts before sexually abusing them in the bath, Indonesian media reports.