South Africa's governing African National Congress has expelled its controversial youth leader Julius Malema, who was appealing against his five-year suspension from the party.
The ANC's disciplinary committee found him guilty of fomenting divisions and bringing the party into disrepute.
Once a close ally of President Jacob Zuma, Malema is currently one of his strongest critics.
The 30-year-old now has 14 days to appeal against the decision.
His Youth League had said its members would have no comment on the announcement.