An Indian newspaper points out that the main reason for India to act against Sri Lanka at the Geneva Human Rights Council session is the inability of the Sri Lankan government to implement the 13th amendment to the constitution.
Expressing views to ‘The Hindu’ Editor Nirupama Subramanian pointed out that a reference was made with this regard in the resolution in which Sri Lanka achieved victory at Geneva in 2009.
The relevant resolution which pointed out that Sri Lanka violated human rights during the war was defeated.
Instead, a resolution which praised the humanitarian mission was passed.
One verse which was included in this resolution was that although the war was won, the Sri Lankan government does not believe in a military solution for the national issue of the country but a political solution should be implemented through the 13th amendment to the constitution.
The Hindu reported that Sri Lanka had to include this phrase to obtain the assistance of India for this resolution in 2009.
The Hindu Editor pointed out that through supporting the resolution which was presented by the U.S at the Geneva session, India expected to encourage the Sri Lankan government to implement the 13th amendment to the constitution.
Her opinion is that Sri Lanka would have been able to sustain India on its side if Sri Lanka had previously taken steps with this regard.
India made several attempts to make Sri Lanka agree for a power devolution process.
At that point, Sri Lanka announced that a power devolution which goes beyond the 13th amendment to the constitution will be implemented.
The Hindu Editor pointed out that a main government minister had later stated that a promise with this regard was not given to the Indian Foreign Affairs Minister S.M. Krishna.
Although India supported the Geneva resolution, India came forward to change its phrases to make sure Sri Lanka is not pressurised by a 3rd party.
It is not a secret that the U.S made these amendments in order to sustain India on its side.
India attempted to teach a lesson to Sri Lanka by agreeing to the Geneva resolution.
However, its results are not yet completely identified by Sri Lanka.
Although there is no external pressure, Sri Lanka will continuously be monitored by the United Nations Human Rights Council.
The Sri Lankan government will have to present matters before the United Nations Human Rights Council at the end of this year.
Thereafter, the United Nations Human Rights Commissioner will present her report on Sri Lanka at the next session which will be held in March next year.
By that time, if the Sri Lankan government fails to reach an agreement with the Tamil political leadership, the international community will further bear a negative opinion on Sri Lanka.
However, the Sri Lankan government considers India’s move as a move taken by an enemy.
The Tamil community too does not completely appreciate this resolution as it has been amended.
Productive measures should be taken to obtain the support of the Tamil political leadership of the country.
The Hindu Editor pointed out that they should identify the difference between achievable and unrealistic targets.
However, another dangerous development is taking place following the Geneva resolution which is that the Tamil National Alliance being encouraged by the Geneva resolution and accepting the extremist mentality of the Tamil Diaspora.
As a result, they are presenting unachievable extremist demands.
The Hindu Editor pointed out that this results in providing reasons for the Sri Lankan government to reject the suggestions of the Tamil community.